Benign lumps and bumps
The eyelids and related areas are specialised sites and there are numerous structures within the tissues that can give rise to lumps and bumps. The majority of lesions will be benign but there are several pre-cancerous or cancerous conditions which can affect this region. Often an experienced oculoplastic surgeon can make a clinical diagnosis based on the history and examination under a microscope. Occasionally, however, it can be difficult to decide if the lesion represents a benign or malignant problem and a biopsy is required. This involves removing a small sample of the lesion under local anaesthetic and sending it for tissue analysis. Further treatment may be recommended depending on the result.
Examples of Benign Lesions
The management of benign lesions varies considerably. Some lumps or bumps cause no symptoms and once reassured that the problem is harmless many people are happy not to have anything done. In other situations the lesion may be symptomatic eg itchy, irritating, crusty or cosmetically unsightly and the preferred option would be to remove surgically (or occasionally using a laser). Surgery, which would normally be under local anaesthetic as an out-patient, may also be appropriate if there is any doubt about the diagnosis.